Rice Meets With Israeli, Palestinian Officials
MELISSA BLOCK, Host:
From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.
MICHELE NORRIS, Host:
And I'm Michele Norris.
At the State Department today, Condoleezza Rice tried to keep the push for Middle East peace on track. She met jointly with Palestinian and Israeli negotiators.
BLOCK: At the same time, there was news of political change in Israel. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert announced that he will resign when his party chooses a new leader. As far as the peace talks, both sides are raising doubts that a deal could be reached this year, and analysts are more skeptical than ever. NPR's Michele Kelemen has the story.
MICHELE KELEMEN: As the Secretary of State sat down with the chief Israeli and Palestinian negotiators, her spokesman, Sean McCormick, was managing expectations.
SEAN MCCORMICK: The Secretary's attitude here is that we are going to try to push the limits of this process, we're going to try to push it as far as it'll go, as far as the parties will go, but we're not going to try to push the limits of a process to the point where it breaks and you lose hope of the solution.
KELEMEN: It is a process that was formally launched last year, when Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas came to Annapolis, Maryland. Expectations were never that high that the two men could reach an agreement on the borders between Israel and a future Palestinian state, the status of Jerusalem, refugees, and other thorny issues, but President Bush did raise the bar when he followed up the Annapolis conference with a trip to Israel and the West Bank.
GEORGE W: I believe it's possible, not only possible, I believe it's going to happen - that there'll be a signed peace treaty by the time I leave office.
KELEMEN: This week, Prime Minister Olmert said there is no practical chance for that, and analysts in Washington seem to agree.
Mr. SCOTT LASENSKY (U.S. Institute of Peace) The U.S. has done very little to realize the goal that the president set forth.
KELEMEN: That's Scott Lasensky of the U.S. Institute of Peace, who recently co- authored a book called "Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: American Leadership in the Middle East." He offers many reasons for the failure of the Bush administration's efforts, starting with the president's promise to monitor and make sure both sides are taking long-promised confidence-building steps - from an Israeli settlement freeze to Palestinian steps to improve security.
LASENSKY: If we fail to act as a judge, to use the president's word, we fail to positively make any impact on the ground for Palestinians; I think we fail to leverage regional diplomacy. Annapolis, remember, had many other parties there, and it seems as if that's the last time that we've really engaged them in a serious way.
KELEMEN: He also faults the Bush administration for not weighing in on the thorniest issues dividing the Palestinians and Israelis. He says the parties won't get far on these issues by themselves.
BLOCK: local politics. Israeli Prime Minister Olmert is facing corruption charges at home and announced today he won't run for reelection to head his party during a ballot in September. His foreign and defense ministers are both eyeing his job, and Jon Alterman, of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, says it will be difficult for any of these politicians to compromise in negotiations with the Palestinians.
JON ALTERMAN: There are so many people involved in this on the Israeli side who themselves hope to be prime minister, that the chance of getting a real breakthrough on somebody else's watch is extraordinarily low.
KELEMEN: Alterman says politics will overwhelm any chance of success.
ALTERMAN: There's a question of well, what should we do? Aren't we better off having some talks rather than no talks? Aren't we better off having slow movement instead of no movement? But in terms of what can actually be done, I think at this point in the game, the Bush administration is in many ways out of energy and out of leverage.
KELEMEN: Alterman says there is something the U.S. can do: help the parties takes small steps to improve the situation on the ground and make future diplomacy possible. But as for the so-called Annapolis process, Alterman says he wrote its obituary even before the conference took place.
Michele Kelemen, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.
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